The house was discovered in the 19th century by following the descriptions in the reported visions of Blessed Anne Catherine Emmerich (1774-1824), a Roman Catholic nun and visionary, which were published as a book by Clemens Brentano after her death. The Catholic Church has never pronounced in favour or against the authenticity of the house, but neverthless maintains a steady flow of pilgrimage since its discovery Anne Catherine Emmerich was Beatified by Pope John Paul II on October 3, 2004
Catholic pilgrims visit the house based on the belief that Mary, the mother of Jesus, was taken to this stone house by Saint John and lived there until her Assumption (according to Catholic doctrine) or Dormition (accouring to Orthodox belief).
The shrine has merited several papal Apostolic Blessings and visits from several popes, the earliest pilgrimage coming from Pope Leo XIII in 1896, and the most recent in 2006 by Pope Benedict XVI.
Library of Celsus
In a small square lying below street-level is the imposing two-story facade of the Library of Celsus, with its rather crowded columns and prominent cornices, which were re-erected in the 1970s by Austrian archaeologists. The library itself was originally three stories high and entirely faced with colored marble. Along the rear wall was a series of rectangular niches for holding parchment books and scrolls. Below the central niche is a grave-chamber with the Sarcophagus of Titus Julius Celsus Polemaeanus, Governor of the province of Asia, in whose honor his son built the library in the early 2nd century AD.
Construction of the Great Theatre of Ephesus began in the reign of Claudius (AD 41-54) and was completed in the reign of Trajan (AD 98-117). It is particularly impressive, both for its great size and for the excellent state of preservation of the orchestra and the stage buildings. It was here that St. Paul preached against the cult of Artemis and inveighed against the guild of silversmiths responsible for its shrines.
The theater’s three by 22 tiers of seating, divided into sections by 12 stairways, could accommodate an audience of some 25,000. If you climb to the top, there is a fine view extending down to the Old Harbor.
Upper Agora and Prytaneion
To the east of the Temple of Domitian in Ephesus extends the Upper Agora, with a Temple of Isis and a hydreion (water tower), which collected spring water flowing down from the hill. On the north side of the Upper Agora is the site of the Prytaneion (council chamber), where figures of Artemis (now in Selçuk’s Archaeological Museum) were found during excavation.
From the Upper Agora, the old main street of Ephesus continues to the eastern entrance of the excavation site, ending outside the enclosure at the three-arched Magnesian Gate, the starting-point of the road to Magnesia on the Maeander River. At the bend in the road is the base of a circular Roman structure, wrongly called the Tomb of St. Luke, which was converted into a church in Byzantine times by the addition of an apse and a porch.
East of the Prytaneion is the semicircular structure of the Odeon, built by Publius Vedius Antonius in the 2nd century AD. The lower tiers of marble benches are original; the rest are reconstructions. The auditorium of this little theater or concert hall had seating for an audience of 1,400. Since there is no provision for the drainage of rainwater, it is assumed that the Odeon was roofed, probably by a wooden structure spanning the 25-meter width of the auditorium.
On the south side of the colonnaded street, steps lead up to a colonnaded square. Here, you’ll find the colossal Serapeion, the temple of the Egyptian god Serapis. Along the 29 meter-long facade of the temple were monolithic columns, 15 meters high, with Corinthian capitals. The cella was entered through a massive doorway, with doors moving on wheels. In Byzantine times, the Serapeion was converted into a Christian basilica.
Southwest of the Great Theatre is the Lower Agora, a spacious square, 116 meters each way, from which a colonnaded street leads west. The agora (market square) has been only partly excavated and was a 3rd-century rebuilding of an earlier structure. The use of stone from earlier buildings gives an interesting variety of detail. It was surrounded by a double colonnade housing shops and offices, with a set-back upper story on the east side.
To the west of the baths lay the Old Harbor, now an area of marshy ground. Immediately south of this group of buildings is the Arkadiane, a fine arcaded street running east from the harbor to the Great Theatre, which stood facing a long square. The effect of this magnificent avenue, built by Arcadius (the first Eastern Emperor) around AD 400, was further enhanced by an elaborate gate at either end.
Our tour guides wil help you to learn more on anything that might be interesting to you.
It will be a hard day for our guests with walking difficulties. Keep some snacks with you as its is a long day.
Included in the price:
Transfer from the hotel and back
Open Buffet Breakfast (Typical Turkish breakfast with (boiled eggs, cheese, tomatoes, different kinds of olives, butter, honey, different kinds of jams and fresh Turkish bread)
Open Buffet Lunch (10 different kinds of cold starter plus a large range variety of main course options where you can find also some vegetarian food.)
English speaker crew
Optional Entrance Fees like Archaeological Museum and House of Virgin Mary.
You must bring;
Money for personal expenditures
Journey to Ephesus takes 2.5 - 3 hours, but you will go by breaks. While our comfortable, air-conditioned vehicles on highways, you can sleep or enjoy the journey along with the scenic beauty of countryside Turkey.